Brimbank Climate
Emergency Plan
Let’s co-create our future

of Country
Council respectfully acknowledges and
recognises the Kulin Nation including the
Wurundjeri, Bunurong and Boon Wurrung
Peoples as the Traditional Owners of this land
and waterways and pays respect to their Elders
past, present and future.
For the Traditional Owners the lands in the City of
Brimbank have always been a significant trading
and meeting place.
Council also acknowledges local Aboriginal and
Torres Strait Islander residents of Brimbank and
their Elders for their ongoing contribution to the
diverse culture of our community.
Caring for Country
Aboriginal Victorians have a deep understanding
of our environment and landscape, and as such
are very aware of changes occurring on their land
because of climate change.
Registered Aboriginal Parties and other
Traditional Owners groups play an important role
in working with government and communities
to safeguard and pass on knowledge of the
Victorian landscapes and cultural heritage and
to help non-indigenous Victorians understand
the cultural and spiritual significance of Victoria’s
land, water and sky.
Accordingly, Council, in the context of the climate
emergency, will seek to work closely with
Traditional Owners to draw upon their knowledge
and skills as the custodians and voice of Country.
Traditional Owner leadership will be essential to
help care for our municipality, and to help all local
people to develop a connection to, and ethic of
caring for Country as required by Council’s climate
emergency position statement. It is everyone’s job
to care for Country.

Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025 1
Executive Summary
Scope and Purpose
Vision and Outcome
Planning Hierarchy and Funding
Emission Targets
Council Position Statement
Principles of the Climate Emergency Lens
COVID-19 and the Climate Emergency
The Problem and Solution
The Global Policy Context
Emission Reduction Analysis and Pathway
Australia and Victoria
Plan Development and Pledge
Key Advocacy Goals
Themes for Action
People Power: Growing our Voice
100% Renewable: Growing our Energy
Resilient Rebuild: Growing our Strength
Green and Cool: Growing our Wellness
Circular Economy: Growing our Prosperity
Implementation, Monitoring and Reporting
Action Plan

2 Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025
The global ecological and climate emergency is
mobilising communities everywhere. Many people,
including Brimbank residents, are speaking up to
demand urgent action.
For individuals, businesses and governments it
is past time to embrace humility. This means we
must acknowledge and embrace our reliance upon,
interdependence with, and responsibility to care for
our planet. We must define and actualise sustainable
development. We must acknowledge the urgency of the
climate emergency and act.
Council’s declaration of a climate emergency in June
2019 is a bold, but necessary and required action. Just
as people are taking active steps to align their own life
with a climate friendly future, so must businesses and
governments, and by extension, whole municipalities,
cities and nations. Cities such as Brimbank are the global
climate leaders.
Victorian Local Government Act 2020
overarching governance principles that require Council
to consider the social, environmental and economic
sustainability of the municipality, to reduce greenhouse
gas emissions, and plan for climate change risks.
Victorian Climate Change Act 2017
requires Council
to consider climate change in our long-term municipal
health and wellbeing plan, Brimbank 2040. It also
encourages Council to make a public pledge to reduce
emissions across the municipality.
Council’s advocacy platform, Transforming Brimbank
- Environmental Agenda, acknowledges that our
community has long bore the brunt of Victoria’s
industrial, waste storage and transport needs. No longer.
Our recompense should be significant Federal and State
government investment in Brimbank’s sustainability and
The climate crisis is not going away. Indeed, the level of
risk is ratcheting upwards each day. From the heatwaves,
bushfires and COVID-19 emergencies that punctured
our lives in 2020, we must lean in and learn, and bounce
forward, not just bounce back.
We are not powerless. We can solve the climate
emergency and ensure positive climate measures
contribute to our economic and social recovery from
the COVID-19 pandemic, making our municipality rich in
jobs, industry, energy, liveability, equity and community.
Brimbank can become an oasis of sustainable living.
Climate action can orientate and shape Brimbank’s
collaborative re-creation.
This is the transformational decade. Climate change
must be a lens for all decision making, by all aspects
of society. Our democratically elected Council will lead
by example, orientated by its position statement and
principles in this Plan.
Importantly, our people are experiencing climate change
not only as a fast-moving natural disaster but also as
the biggest global health threat of the 21st century. We
must care for our vulnerable as we create opportunities
out of crisis, and transition to a zero net emissions
resilient world.
The environmental, economic, social and political
implications of global warming are profound. Our
response must be equally profound. Individual
commitment is critical. Council’s top priority is the health,
wellbeing and economic welfare of our community.

Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025 3
Globally, we have lost valuable time. ‘Socially just’ climate
action is a necessity and must happen at scale and
speed. We must kick our climate pollution habit ASAP.
The emergency declaration is a symptom and signal of
the need to upscale our response, and to recognise the
concern for what it is: an emergency.
In this moment, we must achieve our emergence
through emergency. This urgent crisis is an opportunity
- an opportunity to create a better, fairer, more
prosperous and liveable Brimbank.
Council operations will target zero net emissions
by 2030. For the Brimbank municipality we will
target zero net emissions by 2040, with an interim
aspirational target of a 70% reduction by 2030.
Our residents and businesses have suffered high energy
bills and other impacts for too long from inadequate
planning and action. Council will prioritise emission
reduction projects that save money for and improve the
health of our people. We need a healthy environment
and a healthy economy - if we do not have both we
cannot have either.
To address the challenge of climate change we must
develop a low-carbon resilient community from within
the existing fabric of our suburban life.
Brimbank is well suited to the intensification of
sustainability programs including water, waste and
energy harvesting programs, increased active transport
connections, and shared public spaces such as libraries
and open reserves for increased social cohesion.
The municipality has excellent rail links and will become
a hub city between Melbourne’s CBD and regional
Victoria and intersecting with the Melbourne Airport.
Our grasslands and watercourses are significant assets,
and we retain a proud history of industry with related
built heritage to conserve and reference as we progress.
Given the degree of climate change already happening,
urgent efforts are required to minimise the impacts of
climatic disasters on the community. There is a critical
need to engage with local emergency and health
services to plan safe responses to extreme weather
events such as heatwaves and to construct early
warning systems that are accessible to the community
with its diverse communication needs.
Brimbank is well placed to be re-envisioned and co
created. The Plan identifies a position statement,
principles, and five themes for action. The position
statement commits Council to, in short:
• Adopt and promote a custodial ethic of Caring for
• Acknowledge the 21st century as a period of climate
emergency and opportunity for positive social
• Lead the Brimbank community to zero net emissions
in accordance with climate science
• Position the climate emergency as the strategic focus
of Council operations
• Advocate for genuine science-based leadership from
higher levels of government
Decision-making principles provide the ‘lens’ to
implement this position statement.

4 Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025
The five themes for action outline the themes of work
we are required to do:
• People Power
is about following the optimistic
impulse for positive change together, leaving no one
100% Renewable
is about using clean renewable
energy for all our needs, including to heat and
light buildings, transport people and goods, and to
undertake industrial processes
Resilient Rebuild
is about smarter, more thermally
comfortable and sustainable buildings, and making
safe connections for low emission transport, such
as public transport, walking and cycling, and electric
Green and Cool
is about embracing nature as an
ally, caring for biodiversity as our privilege and
responsibility, and being aware that what we eat has
a huge impact on us and on the planet
Circular Economy
is about recognising that the
goods and services we use have a big environmental
impact, and so we need to choose and reuse wisely
These five themes capture the impulse for action
based positive change. Change towards improved
environmental, social, and economic equity - and thus
improved wellbeing, resilience, and shared prosperity.
If the five themes for action are addressed together,
Brimbank will contribute towards efforts to limit global
warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius in accordance with the
Paris Agreement.
Implementation will influence the future style and
substance of the municipality. This Plan will be a pledge
under the
Victorian Climate Change Act 2017
, and will be
reviewed every year.
The COVID-19 emergency has resulted in unplanned
and consequential disruptions and impacts on our
community. It has also created a realignment with our
core human value of taking care of one another.
Responding to COVID-19 issues and its broad impacts,
by placing our care for one another front and centre,
creates an entry point for a new ‘social contract’.
This new social contract, must for example, include
a broader inclusion of ‘us’ - to include other species,
future generations, and distant populations - and
delineate the far-reaching protections that we expect
from our State and Federal governments in times of
crisis. Implementation of positive change will require a
prescriptive and practical agenda.
This Plan, inclusive of the position statement, principles,
and five themes, provides at our municipal level, a
framework to guide the social and economic stimulus
needed to recover from COVID-19, and address
concurrently the climate emergency.
It provides a framework to build our resilience to current
and future ‘shocks and stresses’, whilst outlining the
themes we need to realise the future we want - a
community that is prosperous, caring, inclusive, strong,
healthy, and fun.
A positive future is only possible if we avert from
the current path towards a climate change induced
existential catastrophe. It is also clear that we are going
to experience dramatic changes in the global climate,
regardless of actions taken in the coming years, and so
need to discern how we will respond to all manner of

Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025 5
Scope and
The scope of the Plan is from 2020 to 2025. It is a plan
for the whole municipality.
Its principal purpose is to outline Council’s position
statement on the climate emergency, with the aim
that this statement orientates social transformation,
with Council taking a municipal leadership role, while
promoting action from, and collaboration with, all
The position statement ‘implementation framework’
includes six principles that serve as a climate emergency
decision-making lens, and five themes for action.
Actions include those things that Council can control,
partner and advocate for that affect the climate
emergency and transition to the net zero emission
resilient economy.
Vision and
The Brimbank Community Vision 2040 describes the
community’s vision for 2040. Achieving the Brimbank
Community Vision is the long-term outcome sought by
the Plan.
By 2040, the Brimbank community will
be healthy and safe and we will be
united through a sense of belonging
and pride.
Our city will be inclusive, resilient,
innovative and vibrant and our
people will share equally in the City’s
prosperity and opportunity.
The environment will be protected
and enhanced and Brimbank’s diverse
neighbourhoods and housing will offer
something for everyone.

6 Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025
and Funding
This Plan, with reference to international, national and
Victorian commitments and legislation, and informed
by and alongside the Brimbank Social Justice Charter,
sits at the highest level of Council’s strategic planning
framework, above and informing the four-year Council
plans that are established at each new Council term.
Issue based actions will remain in the documents that
address the relevant constituent issues of the climate
emergency. For example, the Brimbank Greenhouse
Reduction Strategy will continue to address greenhouse
mitigation issues; the Urban Forest Strategy will continue
to address urban forest objectives.
Council will continue to develop, implement and update
constituent issue strategies and plans to ensure their
alignment with the Council position statement on the
climate emergency.
This document and Council’s 2020 Transforming Brimbank
Environmental Agenda specifically call for Federal
government, State government and non-government
funding support for urgent climate change action, and for
support of Brimbank’s climate emergency campaign.
Council will submit this Plan as a Council pledge under the
Victorian Climate Change Act 2017
Annually, Council will publish a public review of this Plan.
Through this Plan, Council commits to pursue the
following emission targets:
for Council operations by 2030.
for the Brimbank municipality by 2040.
An interim
target for the
municipality of
70% less
net annual
by 2030 (i.e. 731kt CO2-e
for 2030). Based on the
emission profile baseline in
this Plan of 2,438kt CO2-e
(2017 data).
These targets have been set recognising the science on
climate change, the scale and speed of change required
and the opportunities available to achieve deep cuts to

Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025 7
Council adopts and commits to promote a
custodial ethic of caring for Country (land,
water, air and all living beings) as the
necessary ethical foundation for the future,
and commits to engage with Traditional
Owners as core to this undertaking
Council acknowledges the 21st century as a
period of climate emergency, and that this
urgent crisis presents an opportunity for
positive social change
Council commits to lead the Brimbank
community towards a target of zero net
greenhouse gas emissions in accordance
with the contemporary advice of the United
Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
Council commits to take account of this Plan
in all decision making and to position the
climate emergency response as the focus of
organisational strategic coordination until the
emergency is declared ended
Council commits to advocate for genuine
science-based climate leadership from other
local governments, and from the Victorian and
Australian governments

8 Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025
4. Principle of equity
Decision-making will create opportunities for the
present generation and future generations to adapt
to climate change. In particular, for those people most
vulnerable to the potential impacts of climate change.
The present generation will ensure that the health,
diversity and productivity of the environment is
maintained or enhanced for the benefit of future
generations and that any adverse impacts of climate
change are minimised for future generations.
5. Principle of community engagement
Decision-making will include community involvement
in decisions that may affect members of the
community, including youth, the vulnerable or
marginalised communities.
Communities will be provided with appropriate
information, opportunities to be involved, and
appropriate and adequate public consultation.
6. Principle of compatibility
Decision-making will seek to promote a coherent
policy framework within Victoria; and seek to
achieve cohesion with other municipalities, the
Commonwealth government; and governments
of other countries, international bodies and
Principles of
the Climate
Emergency Lens
Council, noting the principles outlined in the UN
Framework Convention, and using principles outlined in
Victorian Climate Change Act 2017
as a basis, asserts
the following principles.
These principles form Council’s climate emergency
decision-making ‘lens’. This lens supports the
implementation of Council’s position statement on
the climate emergency:
1. Principle of informed decision-making
Decision-making will be based on the best practicably
available information about the potential effects of
climate change, and the potential contribution of a
decision to reduce the municipality’s greenhouse gas
2. Principle of integrated decision-making
Decision-making will integrate the competing long,
medium, and short term environmental, economic,
health and other social considerations relating to
climate change.
3. Principle of risk management
Decision-making will be based on a careful evaluation
of risk. Risk will be allocated in a manner that is easily
seen and understood, and a lack of full scientific
certainty is not a reason to postpone appropriate

Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025 9
Achieving net zero emissions across the
economy and in every sector still relies on the
four pillars of decarbonisation:
Energy waste
reduction, including
through energy
productivity and
a shift away from
products and services
100% renewable
Electrification and
a shift away from
fossil fuels to zero- or
near-zero emissions
Non-energy emissions
reductions and
offsetting of
residual emissions
COVID-19 and
the Climate
The COVID-19 pandemic has taken lives and affected
the entire economy and community fabric. The response
must provide immediate support for livelihoods; and be
in alignment with, and sustain, the structural changes
needed to achieve medium and long-term community
health and wellbeing, and prosperity.
Embedded in this Plan, decarbonisation is the core task
to resolve the climate emergency. Thus, it is the logical
core task to orientate the COVID-19 recovery.
Maximising the job potential of decarbonisation and
other climate emergency tasks requires understanding
the skills required, and developing effective ways to
facilitate the shift in the labour force and market at the
local level.
Within Brimbank, public and private investment in
medium-scale and small-scale renewable energy, and
mass energy efficiency and waste reduction programs
for households and industry need to form part of a
pandemic recovery package that delivers jobs and
Cities such as Brimbank provide the link between
the global issues of climate change and the
coronavirus, and the required systemic prescriptive
and practical local actions.
“By accelerating renewables and
making the energy transition an
integral part of the wider recovery,
governments can achieve multiple
economic and social objectives in
the pursuit of a resilient future that
leaves nobody behind.”
International Renewable Energy Agency,
Director-General Francesco La Camera
10 Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025
The Problem and Solution
The Earth’s average temperature has increased 1°C since
the industrial revolution commenced in circa 1750AD.
This has occurred principally due to human actions that
have turned carbon stored in solid and liquid forms, such
as ancient coal and oil deposits, into carbon in (invisible)
gas form in the air.
The more carbon and other ‘greenhouse gases’ in the
air the more heat that is trapped, disrupting the stable
climate we have become accustomed to, and enjoyed.
This is called the ‘enhanced greenhouse effect’ because
the human released gases are additional to the natural
We have known about climate change for many decades.
In 1992, the United Nations adopted the Framework
Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). If we had
started reducing emissions steadily from then, the scale
and speed of emission reductions would have been
gradual. However, we did not act. We went in the wrong
Globally, global warming is now likely to reach 1.5°C
between 2030 and 2052 if warming continues to
increase at the current rate; and three and five degrees
of warming by the end of the century unless we ‘bite the
bullet’ and make significant positive changes.
The Victorian Government projects that Victoria will
be between 1.2°C and 2°C warmer by 2030. CSIRO
projections indicate that Melbourne, by the end of the
century, under a high emissions scenario (3 °C increase
in annual maximum temperature and a 15 percent
decrease in annual rainfall) will have the current climate
of Dubbo, NSW.
Climate change risks will increase with global warming of
1.5°C and ratchet up further with 2°C and beyond. There
is a big difference between these temperature increases
in terms of the health impacts on people, and all other
living things.
To stay within 1.5˚C emissions now need to reduce
dramatically. To reiterate, we are presently drifting
towards a frightening 3˚C or more of warming by the
end of the century.
The key message is that fossil fuels have served their
purpose and are fast approaching their ‘use by date’.
Burning fossil fuels is currently responsible for 79% of
all emissions in Australia. The remainder of emissions
come from non-energy sources such as industrial
processes, product use, agriculture, waste and land use.
Humanity must exit fossil fuels and transition as a
matter of urgency to safe, clean 100% renewable
energy for all power needs, including for heating and
transport. This is the lion’s share of the task and is very
Victoria is saturated in renewable energy resources.
There is no technical impediment to a 100% renewable
energy powered Victoria as we already have the
technology. Transitioning to clean electricity will unlock
emission reductions in buildings and in transport,
allowing us to focus on the more difficult non-energy
sectors of the economy.
Sunshine, as the capital of Melbourne’s booming west,
and as the name suggests, is the natural home for a
solar energy business cluster.
The scientific evidence on climate change is clear. It tells
• The scale and level of risk - it threatens civilisation
• The scale of change required - the transformation of
the global economy
• The speed with which this transformation must be
delivered - largely within the next decade
• That the impacts of climate change are felt first and
foremost by those already most vulnerable in our
community - the elderly, the very young, the poor
and homeless, and those with existing medical and
mental health conditions.
Brimbank is significantly vulnerable to the impacts of a
changing climate. This vulnerability is a product of our
place and our people.
Our place is located on a landscape ecosystem known
as the Victorian Volcanic Plains. This rocky landscape
is drier and hotter than other parts of Melbourne.
The ecology has adapted. Grassland flourishes, tree
canopy and shade is low, and unique animals call it
home. Due to human activities, the Victorian Volcanic
Plains is now a highly fragmented, critically endangered
ecological community. The biodiversity extinction crisis
is happening right here and now.

Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025 11
The urban environment that overlays this ecosystem is
subject to the urban heat island effect that influences
all urban areas. In addition, specific and concerning
‘hotspots’, that are the combined product of our built
and natural environment, exist in our municipality. These
hotspots often coincide with areas of socio-economic
vulnerability, and during heatwaves can be several
degrees above the surrounding areas, worsening health
Our people comprise one of the most culturally diverse
municipalities in Australia – with almost half of our
residents born overseas, from around 160 nations. This
diversity brings strength, but also makes communication
and developing cultural norms more challenging.
This Brimbank specific vulnerability of place and people
means we need to respond as quickly as possible; and
even quicker than many other municipalities. Council, to
deliver on its purpose, must do all that it can to help our
community respond.
Heatwaves are our biggest risk. The impact of an
ongoing and compounding hotter and drier trend will
be significant. Events such as bushfires and associated
smoke will contribute to heatwave impacts. This makes
efforts to cool our community vital, for example, by
drastically increasing tree canopy cover and retaining
water in the landscape.
Water is the biggest general issue for Brimbank. An
important insight is that, whereas climate change is
caused by excess greenhouse gas, water is the principal
medium through which climate change will be felt. This
includes severe drought and violent storms. How we
manage water, and waterway and catchment health, is
Of note, Australia’s central bank, the Reserve Bank,
has delivered a clear warning that climate change
is exposing the financial system to significant risks
that will rise over time. Financial risk is a significant
supporting reason for climate action at scale and speed.
Strong and effective local action on climate change is in
Brimbank’s best interests. This action will deliver on our
principles such as intergenerational equity and social
justice, and in terms of other measures including health
and sustainable economic development.
Our key challenge is to transition rapidly between a
fossil-fuelled economy that has stopped working to
our benefit and a new clean economy that is 100%
renewable - solar, wind, water - energy powered.
At the same time, whether we like it or not, we will have
to transition from our current climate to a different
climate. Building resilience in the face of changing
climate will require wholesale adaptation, and changes
to the way we live, work and connect with each other.
For example, greater use of public transport and working
from home.
To limit global warming to 1.5°C, rapid and far-reaching
transitions are required in community behaviour, energy,
land use, urban form and infrastructure, and in industrial
production and material use systems.
These issues map the five themes of action in this
Plan. Taking action across these five themes presents
opportunities for positive environmental, social and
economic uplift.
We need to consider this urgent crisis as an opportunity
- an opportunity to create a better, fairer, more
prosperous and liveable Brimbank.
For example, major capital projects in the Sunshine
Priority Precinct will drive growth and opportunity.
Investment in the Sunshine Hospital will see health
and care services expand in the precinct. Education
will follow this lead, and metro, regional and airport rail
connections will bring thousands of people to Sunshine
Council’s 2020 Transforming Brimbank- Environmental
Agenda outlines the opportunities to help make
Brimbank a more green, sustainable and more
environmentally friendly place as part of these
‘The transformation of a city has
opportunities to simultaneously
improve its inhabitants’ quality of
life, amplify the conditions for social
creativity and innovation, create
livelihoods and opportunities for all,
and regenerate ecological diversity
and vitality. The challenges facing
us today require nothing less than a
re-conceptualisation of the city in all
its dimensions.’
Visions and Pathways 2040.

12 Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025
The Global
Policy Context
The main global forum for climate change negotiations
is the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
Change 1992. The ultimate objective of the Convention
is to ‘stabilise greenhouse gas concentrations in the
atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous
anthropogenic (human induced) interference with
the climate system.’ That is, to provide a safe climate.
Convention members, including Australia, meet annually
at the Conference of the Parties.
In 2015 at the twenty-first Conference of the Parties in
Paris (COP21), Australia, along with nearly two hundred
other nations, agreed by means of an international
accord (the Paris Agreement) to ‘hold the increase in the
global average temperature to well below 2 °C above
pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the
temperature increase to 1.5 °C above pre-industrial
levels, recognising that this would significantly reduce
the risks and impacts of climate change’.
To achieve this commitment much larger cuts to
carbon emissions will be required than the Nationally
Determined Contributions (NDCs) to emission reductions
agreed to in Paris. Current pledges globally are
consistent with warming of circa 3 °C. Accordingly, the
signatory nations have agreed to review their individual
targets every five years with the aim of strengthening
action over time.
The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
Change (UN IPCC) is the inter-governmental body
responsible for assessing the science related to climate
change. The UN IPCC works by assessing published
literature, and then releasing reports.
In 2018 the UN IPCC released a special report on the
impacts of global warming of 1.5°C (IPCC SR1.5) above
pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas
emission pathways, in the context of strengthening
the global response to the threat of climate change,
sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate
poverty. Their analysis found that there are significant
differences in the impacts between 1.5°C of warming
and 2°C. For example, double the number of people
would suffer from water scarcity with warming of 2°C.
Further, if the world is successful in limiting the global
temperature increase to 1.5°C, many of the worst
projected impacts of climate change could be avoided
and adaptation needs and costs will be lower.
Of note, the IPCC SR1.5 interpretation of the Paris
Agreement commitment to ‘pursuing efforts’ to limit
warming to 1.5 °C uses a carbon budget based on a 50%
probability of reaching this target - which is a toss of the
coin chance.
The UN IPCC advises:
‘Pathways limiting global warming
to 1.5°C with no or limited overshoot
would require rapid and far
reaching transitions in energy, land,
urban and infrastructure (including
transport and buildings), and
industrial systems (high confidence).
These systems transitions are
unprecedented in terms of scale,
but not necessarily in terms of
speed, and imply deep emissions
reductions in all sectors, a wide
portfolio of mitigation options and a
significant upscaling of investments
in those options.’

Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025 13
Brimbank’s total annual community emissions have been
calculated (2017 data) as approximately 2.44 million
tonnes of carbon pollution per annum (2,438kt CO2-e,
noting that ongoing improvements are being made to
the data used to arrive at total municipal emissions: see
The largest source of community emissions by sector
in Brimbank is stationary energy, which comprises
electricity and gas consumed by buildings and facilities.
This accounts for 74% of total municipal emissions.
Industry is responsible for the majority of this
consumption (circa 40 percentage points), followed by
residential buildings (circa 22 percentage points) and
commercial buildings (circa 12 percentage points).
Meanwhile, on-road transportation contributes 23% of
emissions, while emissions from waste account for 3%.
It is important to note that while this profile is compliant
with the international standard (Global Protocol
for Community-Scale Greenhouse Gas Emission
Inventories), and covers emissions from the entire
community, Council only has a limited amount of control
and influence over many of the emissions sources.
While Council’s own greenhouse emissions only
contribute approximately 2% of the emissions of the
Brimbank municipality as a whole, this small proportion
is not standing in the way of Council leadership.
Council, through the Brimbank Greenhouse Reduction
Strategy 2013-2023, has committed to reducing its
greenhouse emissions by 50% by 2023. Since adoption
of the Strategy, Council has achieved a 32% reduction
in greenhouse emissions based on 2011 levels and is on
course to exceed its 50% by 2023 emission reduction
To date, Council’s primary approach for achieving
emissions reductions has been through energy
efficiency and rooftop solar projects, which are
otherwise known as ‘behind the meter’ projects.
Analysis and
Australia and Victoria
Australia adopted a 26-28% reduction below its 2005
emissions levels by 2030 as its target for Paris. In
the lead up to the meeting Australia’s legislated and
independent climate policy advisory body, the Climate
Change Authority, advised that Australia needs to
reduce emissions in the order of between 45-63%
below 2005 by 2030 to be in line with the climate
science. In short, Australia’s current emission reduction
commitment is roughly less than half of what is needed.
The Victorian Government, as part of implementing the
Climate Change Act 2017
, sought independent expert
advice (the Combet Report) on interim emissions reduction
targets for 2025 and 2030, to set Victoria on a path to
achieving zero net emissions by 2050. This advice took into
consideration the aforementioned IPCC SR1.5 report and
Climate Change Authority advisory target for Australia.
The Combet Report recommended targets for Victoria are:
• 32-39% below 2005 levels in 2025
• 45-60% below 2005 levels in 2030
The Combet Report states that if Victoria is to do its
share to pursue efforts to limit global warming to 1.5°C
(interpreted as a 50/50 chance of achievement) an
emission target is required of 67% below 2005 by 2030.
In short, the Combet Report’s recommendations fail to
comply with the Paris Agreement commitment to pursue
efforts to limit temperature increases to 1.5°C.

14 Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025
Whilst these projects have proven very effective in
reducing Council’s energy costs and emissions, achieving
the 50% reduction target requires a decarbonisation of
Council’s grid sourced electricity supply.
In this context, the decarbonisation of energy contracts
(e.g. by moving to 100% renewable electricity) was a
key action proposed following a review of the Brimbank
Greenhouse Gas Reductions Strategy in 2018.
Accordingly, Council is planning to move to 100%
renewable electricity in its own operations by 2021 as
part of a collaborative power purchase agreement with
other Victorian councils.
While Council can continue to undertake its own actions,
and to partner and advocate to the broader community
for positive change, a cross-sectoral approach - with
residents, business and industry - is required for
substantial emissions reductions throughout the
municipality. To this end, as this is the first plan we have
prepared for municipal emissions:
A key action in this Plan is to prepare a zero net
emissions pathway and program for Council and for
our municipality as a whole.
This pathway will tell us specifically where we need
to focus as a community, sector by sector, to reduce
emissions. Equitable solutions must be a priority if there
is to be sustainable development.
2017 municipal emissions snapshot
Transport 22.27%
Waste 3.35%
Gas 17.93%
Residential 7.39%
Commercial 2.26%
Industrial 8.28%
Electricity 56.26%
Residential 15.03%
Commercial 9.46%
Industrial 31.77%
2 438 600
t CO2e
Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025 15
and Pledge
In June 2019, Council, in response to community
advocacy, declared a climate emergency and committed
to develop a climate emergency plan.
Council, in developing this Plan, has undertaken
engagement across community life stages and has
sought general public comment.
Council will submit this Plan to the Victorian Government
as a pledge in accordance with the provisions of the
Victorian Climate Change Act 2017
The pledge must include a description of the actions to
be undertaken by Council over the next five years that
are reasonably expected to contribute to the reduction
of greenhouse gas emissions caused or otherwise
influenced by Council.
It must also include a ‘reasonable estimate’ of the total
level of GHG reductions expected to result from the
implementation of those actions.
In preparing the pledge Council must consider the policy
objectives, and the guiding principles set out in the
Victorian Climate Change Act 2017
and provide a copy
of the pledge to the responsible Minister as soon as
practicable after its preparation.
Key Advocacy
Australia has lost valuable time in starting the
‘decarbonisation’ task in earnest.
A national climate policy such as a carbon price with a more
ambitious renewable energy policy would have enabled
broad and deep progress - but this has not occurred.
In lieu of Australian Government leadership, the heavy
lifting is now with state and territory governments, local
government, businesses, community groups, industries,
individuals, and households. Cities, such as Brimbank,
have been climate leaders and will continue that
position with this Plan.
Council wants to create a Plan for our community that is
easy to understand. We don’t want everyone to become
experts in emission accounting…we want a safe climate
for all.
Three policy advocacy goals, targeting the Victorian
Government, complement each other and are our
advocacy goals to 2025:
Victoria to declare a climate emergency
Victorian Renewable Energy Target of 100% for
Victoria to implement a price on carbon pollution,
preferably the Australian Carbon Dividend Plan,
as soon as possible but not later than 2022
Implementation in Victoria of a meaningful and popular
price on carbon pollution (see,
coupled with a 100% renewable energy target, would
significantly reduce emissions whilst kick starting the
industrial revolution required. The declaration of a climate
emergency would send a clear signal to the community
about the scale and speed of change required.
Declare a climate
Target 100%
renewable energy
Put a price on

16 Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025
Themes for
In Brimbank, equity, energy, infrastructure, the
natural environment, and the material economy are
the core areas that will be most affected by climate
change, and by the responsive transition to the new
Accordingly, five themes for action orientate
The five themes for action have conceptual appeal
and allow creative engagement with the process
of re-inventing our city through co-creation. They
provide a mulit-dimensional and systemic framework
for actioning the position statement.
People Power:
Growing our Voice
People Power is about following the optimistic
impulse for positive change together, leaving no
one behind
100% Renewable:
Growing our Energy
100% Renewable is about using clean
renewable energy for all our needs, including to
heat and light buildings, transport people and
goods, and to undertake industrial processes
Resilient Rebuild:
Growing our Strength
The Resilient Rebuild is about smarter, more
thermally comfortable and sustainable buildings,
and making safe connections for low emission
transport, such as public transport, walking and
cycling, and electric bikes and vehicles
Green and Cool:
Growing our Wellness
Green and Cool is about embracing nature as an
ally, caring for biodiversity as our privilege and
responsibility, and being aware that what we eat
has a huge impact on us and on the planet
Circular Economy:
Growing our Prosperity
The Circular Economy is about recognising
that the goods and services we use have a big
environmental impact, and so we need to choose
wisely, design out waste and pollution, keep
products and materials in use, and regenerate
natural systems

Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025 17
People Power:
Growing our
To fix climate change at the pace and scale required,
‘people power’ must take new meaning and importance.
Individual action is critical across the board. We have a
shared interest and responsibility.
Council is committed to sharing robust scientific advice
on climate change and to enabling the community to
mobilise to respond to the climate emergency.
Strong policies to address climate change are needed
at every level of government. However, rather than
pushing for more politics, we need to de-politicise
climate change and advocate solutions that are accepted
by and benefit the vast majority of citizens.
Council will use its leadership and resources to empower
all residents, particularly those most impacted by the
climate emergency, including our young people and
those most vulnerable, to lead and fully participate in
the climate emergency response.
To this end, Council will establish a citizens’ assembly
on the climate emergency. The work of this group will
be based around ‘environmental equity’ - a concept
that considers the unity of environmental, social, and
economic factors of climate change - and how this must
inform our co-creation of a zero net emissions, resilient
Council will partner with other councils, the Western
Alliance for Greenhouse Action and others including the
community and emergency services sectors, to amplify
community voice and to undertake collective advocacy
and action.
Importantly, the transition task requires a profound
reorientation of our relationship to our local environment
and the earth. A transformation of consciousness from
seeing the world as an object to exploit, to knowing and
living with mindfulness of our profound interconnection
with all things. In this task of connecting to and caring
for Country, our Traditional Owners will be our guide.
Community engagement strategies to build cultural
capital will consider the different cultural, language and
linguistic, and learning style needs of Brimbank’s diverse
People Power Messages
Key Message
• Equity and advocacy: People power matters
Key Objective
• Broad community mobilisation
Key Concepts
• Accept the science
• Learn and teach
• Be inclusive
Key Targets
• Brimbank Climate Emergency Citizen Assembly
established and informing action
Key Tools
• Community strength and effort through the
collective action of individuals
• Government support
• Private and philanthropic input
Key Evaluation Question
• What evidence is there that the Brimbank community
is more active in organising to respond to the climate
emergency locally and more broadly, and that people
are able to access quality education and other means
to overcome barriers to sustainable living?
What can you do?
• Make changes in your control
• Advocate for a safe climate
• Get involved in local resilience
• Assist the less fortunate
• Connect with others

18 Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025
100% Renewable:
Growing our
We need to stop using the dirty, such as coal and gas,
and rapidly ramp up the clean, such as solar and wind.
For our municipality to go 100% renewable (and
electric) for 100% of people we will need to make many
changes. These include switching to active and electric
transport, and efficient electric systems for hot water
and cooking, and for building heating.
Council’s priority will be to advocate for renewable
energy solutions that deliver immediate and long-term
cost savings for our community.
Reducing emissions can be done most efficiently
through a high-level pollution pricing solution. The
Australian Carbon Dividend Plan is a comprehensive ‘fee
and dividend’ market-based approach to making energy
in Australia more affordable and reliable, whilst ensuring
that the social cost of energy use is considered. Council
will advocate for this, or an equally community first
progressive policy to be implemented.
Council will also advocate for a Victorian Renewable
Energy Target of 100% for 2030, following the lead of
South Australia, Tasmania (200% by 2040) and the
ACT. If all Victoria achieves by 2030 is decarbonisation
of its electricity sector, it will likely achieve a circa 60%
reduction on its 2005 emissions.
Finally, we must also advocate for no new fossil fuel
energy projects anywhere in Australia as per the request
of our Pacific Island neighbours, and for the well
planned ‘just transition’ of employees in the fossil fuel
sector to new opportunities.
Council, in its own operations, will investigate
divestment options and not building new fossil fuel
burning infrastructure.
The increased uptake of renewable electricity and
transition to zero net emissions - by 2030 for Council
operations and 2040 for the municipality - will create
jobs and opportunities.
Council will move to 100% renewable electricity in its
own operations in 2021.
100% Renewable Messages
Key Message
• Climate and energy: 100% renewable energy is
critical and achievable
Key Objective
• 100% renewable energy for 100% of people
Key Concepts
• Use clean green energy
• Act on climate
• We have the technology
Key Targets
• Legislated Victoria Renewable Energy Target of
100% for 2030
• Zero-net emissions for Council operations by 2030
• Zero-net emissions for the municipality by 2040;
70% by 2030
Key Tools
• Policy and planning
• Investment
Key Evaluation Question
• What evidence is there that Brimbank is moving
towards 100% renewable energy by 2030 and is
decarbonising to zero net emissions by 2040?
What can you do?
• Find out where your energy comes from and switch
to 100% GreenPower
• Save energy wherever you can, and target efficiency
in new appliances
• Install solar PV (and batteries) if you can
• Use electricity for everything - create an ‘all electric’
• Switch to sustainable transport as soon as possible
e.g. an electric bike or car

Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025 19
Resilient Rebuild:
Growing our
As extreme weather events increase in severity and
regularity, we need to strengthen our infrastructure to
cope with the anticipated impacts.
We need a stronger, smarter, built environment. This
includes our homes, workplaces, and social spaces - and
the public, active and other transport connections in
Taking action involves confronting the barriers
embedded in the built environment - physically in terms
of building and urban form, and technologically for
example in terms of energy and transport systems.
New buildings need to be built to higher environmental
standards, and existing buildings need to be retrofitted
en masse, while taking account of the need to preserve
important heritage buildings and precincts.
We must aim towards energy positive buildings that
produce more energy than they consume, and that
can easily be taken apart at their end of life so that the
materials can be reused.
Housing needs to be built for the future climate context,
including for the most vulnerable. At risk groups
include the very young and old, the unwell, those with
limited financial means, different physical abilities and
limited access to transport, culturally and linguistically
diverse community members, and the socially isolated.
Homelessness needs to become a thing of the past.
Smart-cities, the internet-of-things, autonomous
vehicles, the sharing economy, and 3D printing are
things we need to consider as part of the resilient
We also need to consider how to meet basic needs,
including in times of crisis. We need to ensure that all
people have access to the necessities - food, water,
sanitation, energy, shelter, and physical and mental
health services - and how they will be provided.
Transport must also change rapidly, with the goal that
for most people most of what they need to do can be
achieved in less than twenty minutes travel.
Council will expand its existing commitment to
facilitating safe walking and bicycle travel, as
preferential forms of transportation, noting that there is
considerable community support for this investment.
Major projects, such as the Sunshine Super Hub station
redevelopment will be the testing ground for the
Resilient Rebuild.
Resilient Rebuild Messages
Key Message
• Cities and mobility: Infrastructure must be stronger,
smarter, and sustainable
Key Objectives
• Build the resilience of infrastructure and its
contribution to net zero
Key Concepts
• 20 minute city: enabling people to get most of what
they need locally
• Intelligent urban design that integrates our heritage
Key Target
• Affordable ‘climate resilient’ housing
• Climate neutral transport choices
Key Tools
• Resilient housing, industry and business
• Construction standards that are ‘climate compatible’
Key Evaluation Question
• What evidence is there that the resilient rebuild
is occurring in Brimbank via sustainability
improvements to the built environment, and that
people are getting around more easily and often on
foot, by bike, or by public transport?
What can you do?
• Learn about, and take part in, local planning and
project decisions
• Prepare for emergencies
• Get to know your neighbours and welcome new
• Demand safe and good quality public transport and
walking and cycling paths
• Build or rent resilient, or retrofit

20 Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025
Green and Cool:
Growing our
Climate change is placing significant stress on native
animals and plants. At the same time, extreme weather
events such as heatwaves are affecting human health.
We need to improve significantly the wellness of our
natural world, and ourselves. We need to care for Country.
We need more natural environment and green areas, and
for these to be better connected with vegetated corridors.
We need a fair, just and regenerative food system that
includes urban agriculture.
Plants are the answer. Plants and the biodiversity they
support and which supports them are fundamental
to our existence. They provide our food either directly
or indirectly, many building materials, and fibres and
medicines. They produce oxygen, tie up carbon, cool our
climate, are habitat for animals… the list can go on.
Protecting and restoring nature, and funding natural climate
solutions will aid biodiversity during this extinction crisis.
Valuable green infrastructure includes street trees, nature
strips, parks, waterways, water catchments, and remnant
and protected natural areas. Urban forestry and ecology
will come to the fore as we green and cool our municipality.
As food waste and animal agriculture are two of the big
contributors to climate change, and poor diet is the number
one health risk, a healthy low waste plant-rich diet is a key
pathway to respond simultaneously to climate change and
to improve our wellness.
The benefits of a low waste, plant-rich diet can
fundamentally shift our impact on animal welfare,
biodiversity and deforestation, and water security, as well
as workers’ rights and local food security.
Finally, we must ‘drawdown’ emissions by improving land
management, including by the protection of ecosystems
on public land. These forests, grasslands and wetlands
are home to threatened biodiversity and deliver multiple
benefits. Importantly, they drawdown carbon from the
atmosphere to build our ecosystem carbon stocks.
The positive impacts of greening and cooling extend from
the biophysical - reducing the impacts of heatwaves and
improving air quality - to the social, psychological and
emotional benefits of liveability.
Within Brimbank, we aim to realise a city full of native
plants and animals, with protected grasslands, urban
forests, urban food production, healthy waterways, and
green and connected open spaces and oases.
Council has been leading the transformation to a greener city
since the release of Greening the West (GTW) in 2013, which
established a partnership approach to greening the western
suburbs. GTW is a collaboration amongst Melbourne’s
western councils and other major public landowners with the
aim to mitigate the impacts of heatwaves through increasing
tree canopy cover and the utilisation of urban storm water.
This collaboration is the first of its kind in Australia focusing
on delivering green infrastructure projects. GTW has
generated around $40 million worth of green infrastructure
projects and has won six industry awards.
Green and Cool Messages
Key Message
• Green and cool: Plants can help heal the planet
Key Objective
• Embrace and promote plant-based solutions
Key Concepts
• Brimbank Oases: sustainable precincts based around
green and cool open space
• Love and respect nature
• No local species extinctions
• Eat plants
• Plant plants
Key Target
• Increase the extent and condition of natural habitat
across the municipality
Key Tools
• Plant-rich, low-waste eating
• Collaborative nature conservation
• Urban forestry/ecology and Greening the West
Key Evaluation Question
• What evidence is there the municipality is getting greener
and cooler, that habitat for threatened flora and fauna is
protected and connected, and that people are adopting a
climate and health friendly relationship with food?
What can you do?
• Join a Brimbank ‘Friends of group’ and protect/restore
natural areas
• Enjoy more fruits & vegetables – especially from organic
• Don’t waste food!
• Speak up for and fund the protection of threatened
• Put the nature back into your nature strip

Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025 21
Circular Economy:
Growing our
A circular economy looks beyond the current take-make
waste extractive industrial model. It aims to redefine
growth, focusing on positive society-wide benefits. It
involves gradually decoupling economic activity from the
consumption of finite resources, and designing waste
out of the system.
While approaches like renewable energy are critical to
the climate response, it is sometimes less clear that the
materials we buy and sell have a climate cost of their
own. For example, the climate impact of the fashion
industry is bigger than that of the airline industry.
To have a chance to reach the Paris Agreement targets
we need to address our use of materials. The circular
economy sits alongside ‘de-growth’ as a new paradigm
for exploring a post-consumerist future. This is a
future where resource extraction and economic growth
decelerate in a planned manner, giving way to new
social, political, and economic systems that are more
harmonious with nature and the earth’s finite resources.
Shrinking material demand is a prerequisite for a circular
economy that functions within the Earth’s limits.
Concurrently, wealthy countries such as Australia will
need to stop outsourcing a significant amount of our
pollution to developing countries.
In Brimbank, we can consider the new economic
opportunities on offer, for example, by working with
local partners to support access to circular economy
training and employment. Brimbank and Melbourne’s
west are well placed to support emerging circular
economy specific industry and business.
Brimbank has long suffered from environmental equity
issues such the stockpiling and landfilling of waste. The
circular economy provides us with the opportunity to be
part of a positive paradigm change.
Going forward Council will explore ways for its
procurement investments to contribute to the circular
economy, and to connected issues such as social
procurement. Council will also actively support and
deliver waste and circular economy education.
Circular Economy Messages
Key Message
• Materials and management: Use less, choose wisely,
quality pays for itself
Key Objectives
• Design out waste and pollution
• Keep products and materials in use
• Regenerate natural systems
Key Concepts
• Rethink/Think circular
• Share
Key Target
• Towards zero waste to landfill
Key tools
• Integrated waste management
• Product stewardship
• Local reuse solutions
Key evaluation question
• What evidence is there that the Brimbank economy
is reducing the amount of waste to landfill, and
maximising the reuse and recycling of other
What can you do?
• Rethink, reuse, repair, recycle, share, borrow and
• Buy ethically
• Support local businesses
• Collect friends and experiences, not just things
• Use less materials

22 Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025
Monitoring and
Environmental equity refers to the myriad of
environmental issues currently being experienced by
local communities across Victoria. It covers the issues
of climate change, legacy contamination, and the
protection of biodiversity.
The increasing proliferation of these environmental
issues affecting Brimbank and other local government
areas provides the opportunity for councils to begin
working together, and with the Victorian Government
and others to address them in a collaborative and
strategic manner.
The climate emergency provides a policy umbrella.
Council’s implementation approach for the climate
emergency will include:
the climate emergency will be a lens for all
Council service provision
to embed the new lens across Council
structural and cultural change will be undertaken
Building and delivering different things:
implementation will lead to different priorities
The actions listed in this Plan seek to reflect the scale
and speed of the task ahead.
Monitoring, evaluating and reporting on Council and
community progress towards achieving the position
statement within this Plan is critical. In addition to
annual reporting to Council on progress, reporting
frameworks such as the Global Reporting Initiative will
be investigated to identify a preferred, whole-of-Council
sustainability reporting approach.

Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025 23
Action Plan
The list of actions below is in addition to those actions endorsed through Council’s existing strategies such as the
Greenhouse Reduction Strategy, Environmentally Sustainable Design Policy, Climate Change Adaptation Framework,
Biodiversity Strategy, Habitat Connectivity Plan, Walking and Cycling Strategy and Urban Forest Strategy.
(I) Immediate, Year 1
(S) Short, Years 2-5 years
(O) Ongoing
* Actions that will be referred for budgetary consideration.
People Power Actions
Establish a representative Brimbank Climate Emergency Citizens Assembly.
Establish a dedicated Brimbank Community Grants Program climate emergency stream.*
Actively and directly, involve youth in climate leadership roles, projects and training through existing youth
programs and other opportunities.
Incorporate climate emergency leadership into the Brimbank Community Leadership Program.
Work with Brimbank schools and service providers through the Brimbank Teachers Environmental Network
to support climate change education in classrooms and in events for children and youth.
Work with local emergency services and agencies to update Brimbank's emergency response preparedness
to include the specific climate change risks and responses for heatwaves, fires, extreme rainfall weather,
and other emergency events that will escalate during the climate emergency.
Collaborate with other councils and related networks and alliances, including the Western Greenhouse
Alliance and the Climate Emergency Australia Network, to develop and run targeted and visible climate
emergency advocacy campaigns that inspire our community and deliver results.
Embed climate related financial disclosure in Council reporting processes, relating to governance, strategy
and risk management. (Using Financial Stability Board's Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures
Foster an ethic of caring for Country (land, water, air and all living beings) as the necessary ethical
foundation for the future, including through ongoing consultation and collaboration with Traditional
Owners, and through the development and inclusion of a formal statement to be included in Council
documents, meetings and ceremonies.
In partnership with Brimbank climate groups, develop resident climate emergency response templates and
engagement and education programs to foster the widespread adoption of sustainable living behaviours
and technologies.
Develop and deliver a decarbonisation program targeting large industrial emitters.*
Share climate emergency knowledge and information with local business associations as they work to
improve business sustainability outcomes and profitability.

24 Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025
Advocate to the Victorian and Australian governments, other local governments including those in
Melbourne's west, to declare a climate emergency and to act in accordance with climate science.
Build on the Brimbank Social Justice Charter and 2020 Transforming Brimbank Environmental Equity
Agenda to partner with community sector organisations to understand and respond to the needs of
vulnerable groups, and advocate for a ‘just transition’ for local people affected by the transition to the new
Advocate for the Victorian Commissioner for Environmental Sustainability to report on climate action goals
as part of the Victorian State of the Environment Report 2023, noting the report structure will be based
around the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals.
100% Renewable Actions
Develop a Brimbank municipal emissions pathway to ‘decarbonise’ to zero net emissions in accordance
with a 1.5 degree trajectory.* Target zero net emissions by 2030 for Council (certified carbon neutral)
operations, and 2040 for the municipality.
Review Council programs including the capital works program to ensure emission reduction and adaptation
opportunities are maximised.*
Enter a municipal power purchase agreement to procure 100% clean renewable electricity for all of
Council’s electricity and street lighting needs by 2021.*
Assess the feasibility of electric alternatives to building new, or upgrading old, gas infrastructure in Council
Commission a report on a pathway for Council divestment from financial interests related to fossil fuels.* S
Seek opportunities to participate in innovative and emerging renewable energy projects such as micro
grids, virtual power plants, and environmental upgrade finance to residential properties.
Develop a 100% Renewable Brimbank campaign that promotes and, where possible, incentivises business
and community uptake of grid renewable and distributed electricity resources (e.g. rooftop solar, batteries).
Actively seek, foster, and support opportunities for community renewable energy projects such as
‘solar gardens’. Consider undertaking these projects on Council owned sites such as former landfills, and
collaborate with the Victorian Government and others actions to promote community energy.
Investigate mechanisms to support community uptake of electric vehicles:
Measures may include advocating for electric vehicle charging infrastructure within or adjacent to new
public and private developments; collaborating with car share/subscription/leasing/sales businesses to
accelerate the transition to electric vehicles within Brimbank; and investigating options for Council to
support the uptake of electric vehicles in Brimbank, including charging infrastructure.*

Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025 25
Advocate to the Victorian Government for:
• Affordable grid renewable energy, through price regulation such as the Victorian Default Offer.
• Affordable solar PV for renters living on low incomes e.g. by having no tenant co-payment under the
Victorian Solar Homes program.
• Philanthropic ‘solar giving’ to be enabled, whereby excess residential and business rooftop energy can
be donated to those in need.
• Enable gas free, climate friendly buildings and precincts through the Victorian planning system.
• Introduce a statewide planning provision for environmentally sustainable designed ‘all electric homes’.
Advocate to the Australian Government to support the phase-out of fossil fuel vehicles leading to the
implementation of a ban on sales from 2030 or earlier:
• Measures may include stringent minimum vehicle emissions standards for new vehicles. Provide tax
incentives for lowest emissions vehicles and remove tax incentives that encourage unnecessary driving
and vehicle purchase. Develop an electric and autonomous vehicle strategy to embed positive social
and environmental outcomes.
Advocate to the Victorian Government to:
• Implement the Australian Carbon Dividend Plan or other carbon price approach through Victorian
legislation as soon as possible and no later than the end of 2022.
Advocate to the Victorian Government to:
• Implement a Victorian 100% Renewable Energy Target for 2030 through Victorian legislation and
include a ‘community energy project’ percentage component.
Advocate to the Australian Government to align policies and targets to climate science:
• Increase Australia’s targets under the Paris Climate Agreement to align with a 1.5 degree trajectory and
introduce climate change legislation inclusive of a zero net emissions target.
Advocate for no new fossil fuel projects in Victoria, and the ‘just transition’ of the fossil fuel based energy
industry and/or other industry sectors such as forestry that will change as a result of addressing the
ecological and climate emergency.
Advocate to the Victorian Government for:
• Improved service levels for public transport especially in areas where social disadvantage is prevalent.
• Metropolitan trains and buses to be 100% renewable energy powered as soon as possible (as per the
tram network) and to more accepting of bikes.
• New regional trains to be hybrid powered so that they run on the electric network when in the city to
reduce diesel pollution impacts on Brimbank residents.

26 Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025
Resilient Rebuild Actions
Participate in place-based research to understand the health risks and likely impacts of climate change on
services and communities e.g. heat mapping.*
Through the better streets program, investigate opportunities to redesign key streets to be walking and
cycling friendly corridors that include high levels of shade trees, vegetation and water sensitive design
infrastructure such as raingardens.
Undertake strategic work to support the potential for reduced parking rates in activity centres that are well
served by public transport and local services with a focus on the Sunshine and St Albans Town Centres.
Renew the sustainable transport plan for Council staff and trial electric bikes.
Develop an urban design manual that specifies climate positive and sustainable products for open space
and streetscape upgrades.
Develop a hold point in the design process of urban design projects to ensure sustainability targets are
Utilise Council’s ESD principles to assess the design and specification of urban design projects prior to
Advocate that State and Federal infrastructure projects in Brimbank, such as the Sunshine Super Hub,
maximise sustainability inclusions (e.g. as per Council endorsed urban design principles and developing
biodiversity sensitive urban design principles), such as maximising vegetation, use of recycled materials
and onsite renewable energy.
Advocate to the Australian Government for energy performance improvements to the National
Construction Code, above the 6-star requirement, to enable the rapid transition to zero net emission and
energy-positive buildings.
Advocate to the Victorian Government for:
• Funding to make all Brimbank homes ‘healthy homes’ via energy efficiency retrofits, and for houses to
be given an efficiency rating when sold or leased.
• Ongoing ambitious improvements to the Environmentally Sustainable Design (ESD) planning standards
in new homes and commercial and industrial developments to move towards zero carbon buildings and
Advocate to the Australian Government to increase funding for health and emergency services, habitat
restoration and wildlife care, and infrastructure to respond to heatwaves, droughts, bushfires and floods.
Advocate to the Victorian Government to develop an Integrated Transport Strategy as required by the
Transport Integration Act 2010
, to transition the way we move around the State to be zero emissions and
predominantly based on public transport.

Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025 27
Green and Cool Actions
Undertake urban ecology projects including through street tree planting, connecting habitat and putting
the nature back into nature strips.
Provide guidance information for large tree management on private property.
Increase the use of local and environmentally friendly caterers for Council meetings and civic events,
avoiding packaging waste and prioritising seasonal and plant-rich cuisine.
Undertake a research project with the Cooperative Research Centre for Water Sensitive Cities and other
partner agencies to analyse how to implement the Brimbank Oasis concept.
Promote the environmental and health benefits of a low-waste plant-rich diet, including through support
for community food growing and sharing initiatives such as community gardens, farmers markets and
school food growing and cooking programs.
Undertake food waste reduction campaigns and promote the diversion of food and garden waste away
from landfill.
Raise awareness with the local community about cooling using plants on private property.
Partner with the health and community sector to champion actions to address the health impacts of
climate change such as heatwaves, and promote co-benefits such as reduced energy bills.
Advocate for the Victorian Government to:
• Immediately end native forest logging in Melbourne’s drinking water supply catchments.
• Develop a plan to increase Victorian ecosystem carbon stocks to a good status as measured in the
Victorian State of the Environment Report.
Advocate for the Victorian Government to: Request that the Victorian Environment Assessment Council
undertake an investigation into the comprehensiveness, adequacy and representative of the protected
area system for the Victorian Volcanic Plains including Brimbank.
Advocate to relevant authorities for increased resourcing and funding for the protection and or
maintenance of Crown land containing significant biodiversity values or forming part of an identified
habitat corridor within Brimbank.
Develop a targeted habitat gardening program to increase the overall quantity of indigenous vegetation
and habitat features on private land.

28 Brimbank Climate Emergency Plan 2020-2025
Circular Economy Actions
Review Council’s procurement systems and processes to ensure they are consistent with best practice
sustainable and ethical, circular and social procurement.
Set percentage-based targets for Council purchasing of recycled and recycled content products and
accelerate changes to procurement guidelines.
Ensure Council events, festivals and offices are ‘waste wise’ and ensure plant-based food selections are
Develop a community education campaign about the move to the circular economy including individual’s
role e.g. using the correct kerbside bin.
Continue to support home composting and other measures that reduce waste to landfill and pollution and
Develop an options paper to collaborate with local business to stimulate circular economy solutions to
organic waste streams including food, cardboard and cooking oil.
Collaborate with the higher education sector, research organisations and industries, to investigate ways of
transforming reclaimed waste resources to engineered materials. For example, pilot using recycled plastic
in the construction of bike paths as a replacement for steel reinforcement.
Promote the establishment of and participation in local sharing economy and reuse groups such as ‘repair
cafes’ and ‘tool libraries’, and peer to peer sharing.
Actively promote food waste avoidance and re-use businesses.
Advocate to the Australian Government for mandatory product stewardship requirements for all toxic
and other relevant products to lower their lifecycle impacts, and begin the push for a lifecycle plan for all
products and packaging.

Caring for Country

Brimbank City Council
9249 4000
PO Box 70, Sunshine, VIC 3020
Hearing or speech impaired?
• TTY dial
133 677
• Speak & Listen
1300 555 727
, then enter
03 9249 4000
Find us on Facebook, Twitter and YouTube
Brimbank City Council
9249 4000
PO Box 70, Sunshine, VIC 3020
Hearing or speech impaired?
• TTY dial
133 677
• Speak & Listen
1300 555 727
, then enter
03 9249 4000
Find us on Facebook, Twitter and YouTube
132 - 0420